The Inuvialuit, along with the governments of Canada, the Northwest Territories and the Yukon Government share management responsibilities in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region (ISR).
In 1984, Parliament enacted the Western Arctic Claims (Inuvialuit) Settlement Act, thereby giving effect to the Inuvialuit Final Agreement (IFA). The IFA affects the Western Arctic Region of the Northwest Territories and the North Slope of the Yukon.
The goals of the IFA are:
- Preserve Inuvialuit cultural identity and values within a changing northern society.
- Enable Inuvialuit to be equal and meaningful participants in the northern and national economy and society.
- Protect and preserve Arctic wildlife, environment and biological productivity.
To assist in meeting these goals, a co-management system was developed. The co-management system in the Western Arctic of the Northwest Territories and Yukon North Slope is composed of one Inuvialuit board and five co-management boards:
The IGC is an Inuvialuit board with representatives appointed by Hunters and Trappers Committee (HTC) in each of the six ISR communities. Government and Inuvialuit interests are equally represented in each of the co-management boards. An impartial, non-government person acceptable to both government and the Inuvialuit, chairs each of the co-management bodies.
The Joint Secretariat – Inuvialuit Settlement Region (JS) was established to provide technical and administrative support to the Inuvialuit Game Council (IGC), the Environmental Impact Screening Committee, Environmental Impact Review Board, Fisheries Joint Management Committee, and Wildlife Management Advisory Council (NWT).
A Secretariat office for the Wildlife Management Advisory Council (North Slope) is located in Whitehorse, Yukon.